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This essential reference for graduate students and researchers provides a unified treatment of earthquakes and faulting as two aspects of brittle tectonics at different timescales. The intimate connection between the two is manifested in their scaling laws and populations, which both evolve from fracture growth and interactions between fractures, whether dynamic or quasi-static. The connection between faults and the type of seismicity they generate is governed by the rate- and state-dependent friction laws — producing distinctive seismic styles of faulting. These friction laws also provide explanations for the gamut of earthquake phenomena : aftershocks, afterslip, earthquake triggering, and slow slip events. The third edition of this classic treatise presents a wealth of new topics, as well as new observations from techniques such as CGPS and InSAR. These include slow earthquake phenomena ; friction of phyllosilicates and at high sliding velocities ; new observations of fault structures and segmentation ; relative roles of strong and seismogenic versus weak and creeping faults in the continental and oceanic lithosphere ; dynamic triggering of earthquakes ; oceanic earthquakes ; new observations of megathrust earthquakes in subduction zones ; new results for deep earthquakes ; and new observations of earthquake precursory phenomena.
AUTEUR: Christopher H. Scholz
NOM DE FICHIER: The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting.pdf
DATE DE PUBLICATION: 2019-Jan-03
TAILLE DU FICHIER: 5,13 MB